All You Should Know About Leukemia Bone Marrow Transplant

Leukemia is a form of blood cancer that spreads very fast. This affects the bone marrow and the red blood levels in the body drop making the body very unhealthy. The bone marrow is also unable to create platelets and white blood. When this happens the body cannot prevent bleeding or even prevent infections. To counter this problem a process known as Leukemia bone marrow transplant is conducted.

What Is Bone Marrow Transplant?
This procedure is also known as BMT. During this process, the patient receives a bone marrow transplant so that is the body can produce the right amount of blood. The unhealthy cells are discarded and healthy cells are introduced in the body. For certain people, this treatment works like a charm.

Allogeneic transplant is the most commonly used method. This involves extracting blood-producing cells from a healthy person and introducing it into the body of the patient. The patient is first put through chemotherapy, where the infected cells are killed off. Then the healthy blood cells are administered to the body via intravenous. The new cells move into your bones and try to produce healthy bone marrow tissue typing again.

The process is a lengthy one and can stretch from a couple of weeks to a few months. The recovery process may also take a couple of months. You will have to follow up with a couple of tests to see how the body has accepted the transplant.

When Should One Visit A Doctor?
● These are certain situations when you or a child should see a doctor regarding a transplant.
● If the child is less than 2 years
● If Leukemia shows up more than once post-treatment
● If no remission occurs after chemo
● If AML occurred because of another treatment
How To Go About The Process
If you feel that you may need a transplant in the future, you should see a doctor right away. It is observed that a lot of patients have higher chances of survival when they undergo the transplant in the early stages of leukemia. Here are certain points that you should keep in mind.
● Start looking for a donor even when your transplant is not needed.
● If your doctor recommends a time for you to undergo transplant you should take the suggestion
● Review the benefits and risks of the transplant
● Speak about the various options for treatment
● Go over your entire medical history

Find Out about The Risk Of A Relapse
Doctors conduct molecular and cytogenetic testing to monitor and see if the Leukemia is will return. This means that the doctors study the genes and chromosomes present the in cancer cells. The genes and chromosomes are responsible for a body to function properly. If the chromosomes in the AML display changes then it is sign that the patient may not suffer from a relapse. Patients who dot show these changes are at risk. The doctor will have to examine the bone marrow transplant donor match in a patient to come to a conclusion.

Contact US:
Gift of Life Marrow Registry
Address: 800 Yamato Rd suite 101 Boca Raton, FL
Phone: (800) 962-7769

Leukemia Marrow Transplant – Facts You Need to Know

Leukemia results due to increased WBC-white blood cells crowding up the platelets and red blood cells-RBCs. It’s a blood cancer that results in WBCs which do not work right. Leukemia is identified by fatigue, bruising, chills, severe infections, headaches, joint pain, seizures, loss of weight, breath shortage, night sweats, and inflamed lymph nodes. Leukemia is treated in different ways. One of the methods is bone marrow transplant or stem cell transplant for treating leukemia. This is called a Leukemia marrow transplant.

What is stem cell transplantation?

Stem cell transplantation involves high radiation or chemotherapy doses to treat destroy leukemia cells within the normal bone marrow. Post this process, the stem cells are transplanted through an intravenous-IV infusion. These infused stem cells get to the bone marrow and start generating new blood cells. These stem cells can be obtained from a potential compatible donor-allogenic or patient-autologous. These cells are obtained from the umbilical cord blood or bone marrow.

How does Leukamia occur?

The 3 blood cell types-RBCs which carry oxygen, WBCs that combat infection, and platelets that assist in a blood clot. Your bone marrow makes many new blood cells with the majority of them being RBCs. In leukemia, WBCs are generated in more numbers than required. The cells cannot combat infection as WBCs. They begin to impact the way your organs operate. With time, there are no sufficient RBCs for sufficient oxygen supply, WBCs to combat infection, and sufficient platelets for the blood to clot.

What does stem cell transplant do?

A stem cell transplant is a process where the harmful leukemia cells are present in your bone marrow. New stem cells are generated from a donor or body which grow into healthy and new blood cells.

Can a bone marrow transplant cure leukemia?

Bone-marrow transplantation is efficient in eliminating leukemia. This is because of the radiation and high drug doses that are administered before transplantation. Leukemia can be treated with a functioning and healthy bone marrow replacement. This way you regenerate an immune system that combats residual or existing leukemia not wiped out with radiation or chemotherapy with a transplant.

The Procedure

Stem cells generated from the patient-Auto transplant

Stem cells collection- A medication is injected to enhance your stem cells. The stem cells are collected from your chest or arm vein. They are stored as required.

Treatment before transplant- It takes 5-10 days. A high chemotherapy dose with some getting radiation therapy is a pre-treatment plan.

Acquiring stem cells- It’s around 30 mins process for every dose of infusion of stem cells. The stem cells are infused using a catheter into your bloodstream. You may need over one infusion.

Recovery-This phase is monitoring your recovery of cells and their growth. You may need antibiotics to minimize infection. Any side effects are treated and dealt with.

Stem cells from a donor-Allo transplant

Donor identification-A potential donor is identified for your HLA identical type through a blood test. They could be friends, family, or from a stem cell register.

The rest of the procedure is the same with the only difference, the stem cells are collected from the donor and self.


Leukemia is a bone cancer that generates more WBCs than usual crowding the RBCs.  A leukemia marrow transplant infuses healthy stem cells obtained from bone marrow to make the system healthy.

Gift of Life Marrow Registry Also Offers Following Services :

Stem Cell Donation

Bone Marrow Match Registry

Bone Marrow Registry Search

Bone Marrow Drive

Contact US:

Gift of Life Marrow Registry

Address:  800 Yamato Rd suite 101 Boca Raton, FL
Phone: (800) 962-7769