Another Antecedent Problem

Here Dagwood offers his boss two antecedents to reply to. He spells them out in the second panel:

(Short versions: “promise,” or “get mad.”)

I see this pop up occasionally in conversations. And it’s not infrequently a source of conversational humor.

But when you write expositorily, try to avoid this ambiguity!

Bert or Kurt?

I always thought this kind of self-contradictory statement was a consequence of Kurt Gödel’s incompleteness theorem (qv), but here I see it attributed to Bertrand Russell.

This is philosophically (or mathematically) equivalent to the statement “This sentence is false.” Gödel definitely warned that things that refer to themselves can get you into trouble.

Another Redundancy

This error is close to me because of my proximity to chickens. If you have chickens, you know not to do this, right? Bottom right.

It’s like saying a baby infant.

Contradiction or not?

When you multiply something by a hundred, you get more or bigger, right? In math class we used to add two zeros to a number to multiply it by a hundred. Well, take a look at this sentence:

The galaxies – 100 times less massive than our Milky Way – are now among the smallest known to host such big black holes.

Can you have something a hundred times less? If you can, what are you multiplying by a hundred?

Yes, the sentence is idiomatic, but still, I think it’s better to write what you mean. The sentence means one hundredth as massive.


Oh—here’s a picture:

Galaxy with inset illustration of a green spiral with jets coming out top and bottom.
Artist’s concept of a dwarf galaxy, its shape distorted, most likely by a past interaction with another galaxy, and a massive black hole in its outskirts (bright spot, far right). Image via Sophia Dagnello/ NRAO/ AUI/ NSF.

Another Diatribe Against Pronouns

I’ve mentioned this topic before. Use the search box to find more.

Don’t use pronouns if you can help it because you might face antecedent confusion. Like this funny:

I got the photo from Facebook, so I don’t have a link beyond “King of Kash.”

Not Me!

I just had to comment on this:

I can think lying down, but I have to be at least sitting to write!

At least he said “lying down” instead of “laying down.” I gotta give him that.

All You Need to Know about Non Toxic Surfactant

There is a wide range of surfactants and they are used in making many products of our everyday use such as toothpaste, detergents, and shampoos. The most important quality of surfactants is their ability to increase the wetting qualities of a liquid.

Definition: A surfactant is a surface-active agent which when added to a liquid reduces its surface tension that increases the liquid’s wetting and spreading qualities.

Functions of Surfactants

Some surfactants can be foaming agents and others can be emulsifiers while still another type of it can act quite contrary to these functions. Non toxic surfactant can act as detergents, insecticides, and fungicides. They can be used to increase viscosity and solubilizing. But their function has a commonality that they increase the wetting quality by reducing the surface tension.

Types of surfactants

There are mainly 4 kinds of surfactants. Each behaves in a somewhat unique manner while others may have completely different roles to play.

The surfactants with detergent qualities tend to be amphoteric, anionic, and non-ionic surfactants. Some surfactants are cationic and can be used as emulsifiers. These are ideal for use in hair conditioners.

These classifications are made based on what charge the surfactant’s polar head has. A positive charge is called cationic while the negative charge is described as anionic. If the surfactant has no charge, it is termed non-ionic cleaner and if it has both anionic and cationic parts in the same molecule, it is called amphoteric surfactant.

Anionic: Anionic surfactants provide the best quality of cleaning power and rich amounts of foam. This makes it the most commonly used surfactant. A very popular anionic surfactant is SLS (Sodium Laureth Sulfate or Sodium lauryl sulfate). It is used in making shampoos, shower gels, and toothpaste, among other products.  This kind of surfactant is harsh on the skin. They are often used in a mix of some mild surfactants.

Nonionic: This kind of surfactant carries no charge and because of this reason, it is highly compatible with other varieties of surfactants. It does not ionize in aqueous or water solutions. It is gentle and milder while cleaning.

Cationic: Mostly used in hair care products such as conditioners, cationic surfactant does not produce foaming.  In hair care products, its positive charge gets attracted to the hair’s negative charge. Because of this, it does not get washed away. It remains in the hair and prevents friction among the hair, making them more manageable. Usually, cationic and anionic surfactants aren’t compatible with each other.

Amphoteric: This kind of surfactant may have either a positive or negative charge and these can be compatible with all other varieties of surfactants. They are milder and can be combined with any other surfactant. It may not give much foaming on its own but it can boost foaming in other surfactants.

Natural surfactants

There are many plant-derived natural surfactants such as palm or coconut but they can also be found in many fruits and vegetables. These can be used to make baby washes, gentle facial cleanser, shampoos, and shower gels.

Completely natural surfactants

Some plant-based natural surfactants have non-ionic surfactants. These can be used in combination with other plant-based surfactants or even in standalone form. Some common completely natural surfactants are Soap Berries or Aritha, Liquid Yucca Extract, Shikakai powder, and Soapwort.

Contact US:

Chemical Products Industries, Inc.
Address: 7649 SW 34th St, Oklahoma City, OK
Phone: (800) 624-4356

What are Antonyms?

Antonym is the word for “opposite” as applied to words. You probably already know that, but this version of the lesson is too good to pass up.

And in case you didn’t know (ha) synonym is the antonym of “antonym.”

Why Should You Hire Digital Media Agency?

As the internet is becoming more and more dominating, the businesses are taking it seriously too. With the advent of the technologies and internet, the way how businesses do marketing has changed a lot. There is no doubt that digital media play a vital role in the growth and marketing of a business. Digital marketing is a huge concept. It is also not possible for a person to look after everything single-handedly. You need a digital media agency which can help in developing some of the best digital marketing strategies. There are many benefits of the hiring digital media agency.

Why to hire a digital media agency?

  1. Expert knowledge and skills

One of the main reasons why you must hire a digital media agency for your business is because of the knowledge and skills. A reliable and experienced agency will surely have the best professionals who are always working on this niche. They have better knowledge regarding the marketing and what things can affect the market in a positive way. With the skills and years of experience, they can evaluate some of the best strategies.

  1. New and improved perspective

When you hire a digital media buying agency in Boston, you are hiring a set of skilled and professional experts who have vast knowledge regarding digital media. They are not from your business environment and this can be a great chance to welcome some fresh and innovative perspective.  A new and improve way of looking at things can bring a lot of positive changes to the company or business.

  1. On time services

Another reason why you need to hire a digital media agency is that they are highly professional. It can be quite difficult for you to manage several things at time. this can cause delays too. But the professional digital media services are experts who can meet deadline effectively. They are efficient professionals who have specialized in SEO, social media, website developing, PPC etc.

  1. Save your money

The most important reason why you must hire a digital media team is because it can cut down the marketing cost. This can help you in saving a lot of money. The agencies are experienced ones that have great knowledge on marketing. These experts can research, analyze and monitor several factors of the digital media and evaluate cost effective ways of digital marketing. You do not have to invest a lot of money on traditional media marketing.

  1. Advanced tools and software

One of the crucial reasons why you need to hire digital media agency is that the agencies come with the most advanced tools and software. These tools and software can be quite helpful for the marketing agencies to curate the best marketing campaign. Not everyone has these tools and software but these are extremely essential.

Final Words

So, these are some of the important reasons why you need to hire a digital media agency in Boston. There are some amazing benefits that you can enjoy. This can also help in the proper growth and enhancement of your business in the positive way.

Contact US:

Richardson Media Group
Address: 75 Congress Street, Suite 214, Portsmouth, New Hampshire
Phone: (603) 373-8866


A synonym is a word that has the same or a similar meaning as another word. this comic is basically a list of synonyms, except maybe the last one. What would you call that? An opinion? An adjective?

I’d have suggested “unwise” or “foolish” myself.